Apparel/Fabrics

Lubricating

Sponge with a commercial cleaner. * Cover with pad dampened with a commercial cleaner.' Keep pad moistened with a commercial fabric\upholstery cleaner and change as it picks up stain. Let stand as long as stain is being removed. Flush with a commercial cleaner.*  Repeat until no more stain is removed. Allow to dry completely. Sponge with water. Apply diluted hand dishwashing detergent and a few drops of ammonia. Cover with a pad of absorbent material dampened with diluted liquid hand dish washing detergent and ammonia. Let stand as long as stain is being removed and change pad as it picks up stain. Flush with water. Repeat until no more stain is removed. Chlorine bleach, if safe for fabric, may remove final traces of stain.

* Look for products containing petroleum distillates or hydrocarbon such as trichloroethane, xylene, methylenechloride, methane, benzene and/or naphtha. These chemicals may be found in such spot removers and cleaners as Guardsman's Afta, Dap Cleaner and Thinner, Goof Off, M-1 Remover, Goo Gone, K2r. Read labels carefully and follow instructions.

Kerosene

  1. Dry clean.
  2. Pre-treat items with a commercial pre-wash product that contains petroleum distillate and/or launder with detergent formulated to remove dirt and odors.

Vegetable

Place clean absorbent material under the stain. Apply a commercial cleaner' and cover stain with a pad of absorbent material dampened with a commercial cleaner.* Change pad as it picks up stain and keep the stain damp. Continue until all stain has been removed. Flush with a commercial cleaner.* Allow to dry.* Look for products containing petroleum distillates or hydrocarbon such as trichloroethane, xylene, methylenechloride, methane, benzene and/or naphtha. These chemicals may be found in such spot removers and cleaners as Guardsman's Afta, Dap Cleaner and Thinner, Goof Off, M-1 Remover, Goo Gone, K2r.

CAUTIONS:

  • Always read the care label before trying any stain removal method. Do not use any products or procedures prohibited by the care label.
  • Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used.
  • Always pretest each cleaning agent on an inconspicuous area first to determine colorfastness.
  • Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans/containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of children.
  • When using caustic or commercial cleaning solutions, be certain to provide for adequate ventilation.

Auto, Hair Oil, Fuel, Lubricating, Kerosene, Mineral, Vegetable:

Carpet (Blended Fibers, Fur, Hemp, Jute, Natural Fibers, Synthetic Fibers, Wool)

  1. Remove as much of the spilled substance as possible by blotting (not rubbing) with paper towels or absorbent cloths.
  2. Dampen a clean, white cloth with a commercial dry-cleaning solvent' and apply to the spot. Stand on the cloth for a moment or so to put the chemical into firm contact with the stain. This will allow the vapors of the solvent to dissolve the spot. Do not apply the solvent directly onto the carpet as it can dissolve some of the materials in the carpet. Remove the cloth. If any of the substance has transferred to it, place another portion of the cloth on the spot and again stand on it. Repeat until the spot is removed. If none of the· substance transfers to the cloth, discontinue the use of the dry-cleaning solvent.' Allow the spot to dry.
  3. Use a combination solvent that contains glycerin, soap and water such as Magic, Shout, Spray 'n Wash. Apply to a cleaning cloth (not the carpet) and place over the stain. Apply pressure without rubbing. Check the cloth to see if the soil is transferring to the cloth. If so, blot towards the middle of the stain, rotating to new and clean areas of the cloth. If stain does not response to the rotating pressure, try agitating the stain by using an old toothbrush. Use reasonable caution and work toward the center of the stain so you don't spread it. After you have loosened the stain with the brush, blot up with clean cloths. Reset nap by brushing lightly after treating the spot. When stain appears to be gone, place a stack of 5-6 dry clean cloths over the stain and put a weight on top to absorb the solvent. To finally remove the combination solvent, mix 1 teaspoon of a neutral detergent in 1 cup of lukewarm water. Apply to a clean cloth and sponge the stained area. Blot. Sponge with clear water. Blot again and allow to dry.
  4. If oily stain remains, seek professional help. However, even this may not help. In some instances, it may be more advisable to cut out the damaged area and patch it without any more waste of time. Patching should be done by a skilled carpet installer.

CAUTIONS:

  • Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used.
  • Always pretest each cleaning agent on an inconspicuous area first to determine colorfastness.
  • When using caustic, toxic, aromatic or flammable cleaning solutions, be certain to provide for adequate ventilation. Do not have an open flame near flammable cleaning solutions. Wear rubber gloves.
  • When using solvent-based cleaners on carpet or upholstery, be careful not to overwet the carpet or the fabric. Solvents can destroy the carpet backing and foam padding used in upholstery.

Hard Surface Floors

Brick, Concrete, Resilient, Stone/masonry, Tile, Wood) Brick, Concrete, Stone/Masonry

  1. Quickly apply an absorbent material such as cornmeal, sand, sawdust or Fuller's Earth. Leave on stain for a few hours, then sweep or vacuum up.
  2. For fresh stains, make a strong solution of laundry detergent and hot water. Scrub stain using a stiff brush. Rinse well. Dry and repeat if necessary.
  3. Sprinkle dishwasher detergent (dry) on wet floor. Let it stand a few minutes. Rinse with hot water. Scrub and ri nse.
  4. Dissolve 1 cup of Trisodium Phosphate (TSP) in 1 gallon hot water. Mop or pour over stain and allow to soak 15-20 minutes. Scrub vigorously with a stiff brush or broom. Rinse thoroughly. Repeat if necessary.
  5. If stain remains, make a paste of 1 cup strong powdered cleanser, 1 cup powdered chalk and enough water to make a thin paste. Cover the stain with the paste and leave overnight. Rinse with clear water. Repeat if necessary.
  6. Mix 1 part sodium citrate to 6 parts water and 6 parts glycerin. Add enough Whiting or Fuller's Earth to make a thick paste. Spread paste on stain and let stand for up to 1 week. Add new paste when it dries. Brush dry paste away and rinse thoroughly with water. Repeat if necessary.
  7. Scrub with an oil-based solvent to remove stain.
  8. Check at paint or hardware stores for commercial products used in removal of oily stains.

The Portland Cement Association provides these tips for removing oil stains from concrete surfaces:

  1. Absorb all free-standing grease with paper towels or absorbent cloths. Do not wipe - that will spread the stain and drive it into the concrete. Cover the stained area with dry cement for at least a day, repeating the process until no more oil is absorbed.
  2. If stain remains, mix a paste of 1 part TSP to 6 parts water. Apply to the affected area. Allow a full day for drying and then scrub the surface with clear water.
  3. If stain has penetrated the surface, saturate the area with mineral spirits or paint thinner, covering the liquid with dry cement, talcum powder, cornstarch or kitty litter. The next day, sweep away the covering material and repeat if necessary.

CAUTIONS:

  • Provide good ventilation. Solvents are flammable so avoid sparks or flames. Do not use Benzene. It will ignite from a spark from friction or rubbing.
  • Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used.
  • Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans/containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of children.

Resilient (Except Cork)

  1. Remove as much of the oil as possible by placing newspapers or paper towels on the spill. Rub the stain with a cloth dampened in a solution of detergent and warm water. Rinse well.
  2. If stain remains, use a concentrated commercial household cleaner and rinse well.

CAUTIONS:

Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used. Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans/containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of chi Idren.

Wood (Oiled, Stained, Varnished, Waxed)

  1. Mix dishwashing detergent in hot water and swish to make a great volume of suds. Dip a cloth in only the foam and gently wipe. Rinse with a clean cloth moistened in clear water. Polish or wax as soon as possible.
  2. If stain remains, apply a solvent-based cleaning wax using a piece of superfine (#0000) steel wool as an applicator. Rub gently in the direction of the grain of the wood. When stain is removed, polish surface using a soft cloth.
  3. If black spots remain on varnished wood, remove finish. Apply a commercial wood bleach or a liberal amount of a hot, saturating solution of oxalic acid and water. Allow to remain overnight then rinse. When wood is dry, smooth surface with fine (#000) sandpaper. Refinish.

CAUTIONS:

  • Oxalic acid is poisonous. Do not allow to touch the skin. Wear rubber gloves.
  • Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used.
  • Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans!containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of children.
  • When using caustic, toxic, aromatic or flammable cleaning solutions, be certain to provide for adequate venti lation.

Furniture

Aluminum, Bamboo, Cane, Cast/wrought Iron, Fiberglass, Lucite, Marble, Melamine, Permawicker, Plastic, Rattan, Steel, Synthetic Resin, Vinyl, Wicker Wood

Redwood outdoor furniture naturally resists weathering and rot. However, it should be coated with a sealer to keep out moisture and thus retard cracks. Use a solution of 1 gallon hot water and 1 cup Trisodium Phosphate (TSP). Rinse thoroughly and allow to dry.

Upholstered Furniture

Blended Fibers, Fiberglass, Fur, Leather, Natural Fibers, Synthetic Fibers, Vinyl, Vinyl Coated, Wool) Blended Fibers, Fiberglass, Natural Fibers, Synthetic Fibers, Wool 

  1. Remove as much of the spilled substance as possible by blotting (not rubbing) with paper towels or absorbent cloths.
  2. If stain remains, dampen a clean, white cloth with a commercial dry-cleaning solvent' and apply to the spot. Press the cloth with your hand for a moment or two so the vapors of the solvent can dissolve the oily stain. Check to see if any stain is transferring to the cloth. If so, rotate the cloth, always keeping a clean portion against the stain. When all stain is removed, blot and allow to dry. If a white, powdery residue remains on the surface, brush or vacuum away.
  3. Make a Dry Spotter by combining 1 part coconut or mineral oil and 8 parts dry-cleaning solvent.* Apply the Dry Spotter to a folded clean, white cloth and place on the stain. Apply some pressure with the hand. Let it remain in place as long as any stain is being lifted. Rotate the damp pad as it picks up the stain. Keep pad moist with Dry Spotter. When all stain is lifted, apply liquid dry-cleaning solvent' to a clean cloth and sponge the cleaned area thoroughly. Blot and allow to dry.
  4. If stain remains, make a Wet Spotter by combining 1 part glycerin, 1 part white dishwashing detergent and 8 parts water. Shake well. Add a few drops of white vinegar to the Wet Spotter. Apply in the same manner as described for the Dry Spotter in Method #3. When stain is removed, sponge the area with clear water, blot thoroughly and allow to dry 

Look for products containing petroleum distillates or hydrocarbon such as trichloroethane, xylene methylenechloride, methane, benzene and/or naphtha. These chemicals may be found in such spot removers and cleaners as Guardsman's Afta, Dap Cleaner and Thinner, GOOF OFF, M-l Remover, Goo Gone, K2r, etc.

CAUTIONS:

  • If the fabric is acrylic, cotton, linen, modacrylic, olefin or polyester, add a few drops of ammonia instead of white vinegar.
  • Always pretest each cleaning agent on an inconspicuous area first to determine colorfastness.
  • When using caustic, toxic, aromatic or flammable cleaning solutions, be certain to provide for adequate ventilation. Do not have an open flame near flammable cleaning solutions. Wear rubber gloves.
  • When using solvent-based cleaners on carpet or upholstery, be careful not ot overwet the carpet or the fabric. Solvents can destroy the carpet backing and foam padding used in upholstery.
  • Vinegar should be diluted with 2 parts water to 1 part vinegar if used on cotton or linen.

Walls and Ceilings

Acoustical Tile, Dry Walugypsum Board, Glass, Mirror, Plaster, Paper, Tile, Plastic Coated, Vinyl

  1. Make a blotter by folding together several thicknesses of paper towels. Place over stain and press with warm iron until oil is absorbed by paper towel.
  2. If paper is washable, try wiping off stain with a sponge dipped in sudsy water followed by a sponge wrung out in clear water. Use overlapping strokes to avoid streaking.
  3. If paper is washable and stain remains, make a paste of Fuller's Earth and dry cleaning solvent. Apply and allow to dry. Brush it off. Another option is to wipe gently using a sponge or soft cloth moistened with denatured alcohol or a commercial spot remover. Use this method only on small stained areas.

*Look for products containing petroleum distillates or hydrocarbon such as trichloroethane, xylene methylenechloride, methane, benzene and/or naphtha. These chemicals may be found in such spot removers and cleaners as Guardsman's Afta, Dap Cleaner and Thinner, GOOF OFF, M-1 Remover, Goo Gone, K2r, etc.

CAUTIONS:

Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used. Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans/containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of children.

Wood, Paneling (Stained)

  1. Apply a commercial cleaner made for wood or a wood cleaning wax. When using these products, follow the directions on the containers.
  2. For heavy build-up of oil, moisten a cloth with a petroleum solvent such as mineral spirits. Rub on a small area of the soiled wood, turning the cloth as you clean. If solvent dulls the finish, apply a wax suitable for wood finish.

CAUTIONS:

  • Test first in an inconspicuous spot. Solvents are flammable and dangerous to breath. Use only in a well-ventilated area.
  • Be sure there are no sparks or flames (such as pilot lights) in area. Be careful any time·a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used.
  • Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans/containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of children. When using caustic, toxic, aromatic or flammable cleaning solutions, be certain to provide for adequate venti lation.

Other/interior

Acrylic Plastic,Alabaster, Ceramic Glass, Mirror, Enamel, Fiberglass, Glass, Crystal, Grout, Ivory, Jade, Kitchen/bathroom Cabinets, Mattress, Mylar, Plastic, Plexiglas, Melamine, Corelle, Silverstone, Teflon) Kitchen/bathroom Cabinets (Wood)

  1. Apply a commercial cleaner made for wood or a wood cleaning wax. When using these products, follow the directions on the containers.
  2. For heavy build-up of oil, moisten a cloth with a petroleum solvent such as mineral spirits. Rub on a small area of the soiled wood, turning the cloth as you clean. If solvent dulls the finish, apply a wax suitable for wood finish.

CAUTIONS:

  • Always pretest each cleaning agent on an inconspicuous area first to determine colorfastness.
  • When using caustic, toxic, aromatic or flammable cleaning solutions, be certain to provide for adequate ventilation.
  • Do not have an open flame near flammable cleaning solutions. Wear rubber gloves.

Exterior Surfaces

Foundations

Brick, Concrete, Cement, Stone

  1. Quickly apply an absorbent material such as cornmeal, sand, sawdust or Fuller's Earth. Leave on stain for a few hours, then sweep or vacuum up.
  2. For fresh stains, make a strong solution of laundry detergent and hot water. Scrub stain using a stiff brush. Rinse well. Dry and repeat if necessary.
  3. Sprinkle dishwasher detergent (dry) on wet floor. Let it stand a few minutes. Rinse with hot water. Scrub and rinse.
  4. Dissolve 1 cup of Trisodium Phosphate (TSP) in 1 gallon hot water. Mop or pour over stain and allow to soak 15-20 minutes. Scrub vigorously with a stiff brush or broom. Rinse thoroughly. Repeat if necessary.
  5. If stain remains, make a paste of 1 cup strong powdered cleanser, 1 cup powdered chalk and enough water to make a thin paste. Cover the stain with the paste and leave overnight. Rinse with clear water. Repeat if necessary.
  6. Mix 1 part sodium citrate to 6 parts water and 6 parts glycerin. Add enough Whiting or Fuller's Earth to make a thick paste. Spread paste on stain and let stand for up to 1 week. Add new paste when it dries. Brush dry paste away and rinse thoroughly with water. Repeat if necessary.
  7. Scrub with an oil-based solvent to remove stain.
  8. Check at paint or hardware stores for commercial products used in removal of stains.
  9. The Portland Cement Association provides these tips for removing oil stains from concrete surfaces: a. Absorb all free standing oil with paper towels or absorbent cloths. Do not wipe - that will spread the stain and drive it into the concrete. Cover the stained area with dry cement for at least a day, repeating the process until no more oil is absorbed. b. If stain remains, mix a paste of 1 part TSP to 6 parts water. Apply to the affected area. Allow a full day for drying and then scrub the surface with clear water. c. If stain has penetrated the surface, saturate the area with mineral spirits or paint thinner, covering the liquid with dry cement, talcum powder, cornstarch or kitty litter. The next day, sweep away the covering material and repeat if necessary.

CAUTIONS: 

  • Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used.
  • Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans/containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of children. 
  • Provide good ventilation. Solvents are flammable so avoid sparks or flames. Do not use Benzine - will ignite from a spark from friction or rubbing.

Porches, Decks, Patios

Asphalt, Brick, Concrete, Cement, Masonry, Stone

  1. Quickly apply an absorbent material such as cornmeal, sand, sawdust or Fuller's Earth. Leave on stain for a few hours, then sweep or vacuum up.
  2. For fresh stains, make a strong solution of laundry detergent and hot water. Scrub stain using a stiff brush. Rinse well. Dry and repeat if necessary.
  3. Sprinkle dishwasher detergent (dry) on wet floor. Let it stand a few minutes. Rinse with hot water. Scrub and rinse.
  4. Dissolve 1 cup of Trisodium Phosphate (TSP) in 1 gallon hot water. Mop or pour over stain and allow to soak 15-20 minutes. Scrub vigorously with a stiff brush or broom. Rinse thoroughly. Repeat if necessary.
  5. If stain remains, make a paste of 1 cup strong powdered cleanser, 1 cup powdered chalk and enough water to make a thin paste. Cover the stain with the paste and leave overnight. Rinse with clear water. Repeat if necessary.
  6. Mix 1 part sodium citrate to 6 parts water and 6 parts glycerin. Add enough Whiting or Fuller's Earth to make a thick paste. Spread paste on stain and let stand for up to 1 week. Add new paste when it dries. Brush dry paste away and rinse thoroughly with water. Repeat if necessary.
  7. Scrub with an oil-based solvent to remove stain.
  8. Check at paint or hardware stores for commercial products used in removal of stains.
  9. The Portland Cement Association provides these tips for removing oil stains from concrete surfaces: a. Absorb all free standing oil with paper towels or absorbent cloths. Do not wipe - that will spread the stain and drive it into the concrete. Cover the stained area with dry cement for at least a day, repeating the process until no more oil is absorbed. b. If stain remains, mix a paste of 1 part TSP to 6 parts water. Apply to the affected area. Allow a full day for drying and then scrub the surface with clear water. c. If stain has penetrated the surface, saturate the area with mineral spirits or paint thinner, covering the I iquid with dry cement, talcum powder, cornstarch or kitty litter. The next day, sweep away the covering material and repeat if necessary.

CAUTIONS:

  • Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used.
  • Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans/containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of children.
  • Provide good ventilation. Solvents are flammable so avoid sparks or flames. Do not use Benzine - will ignite from a spark from friction or rubbing.

Masonry (Painted)

Mix dishwashing detergent in hot water and swish to make a great volume of suds. Dip a cloth in only the foam and gently wipe. Rinse with a clean cloth moistened in clear water.

Wood

  1. Rub lightly with paint thinner. If spot remains, wet cotton with hydrogen peroxide and place over the spots. Wet more cotton with household ammonia and lay this on top. Let dry. Repeat process unti I the stai ns disappears.
  2. For dark spots, make a paste of rottenstone or baking soda and cigarette ashes mixed with linseed or mineral oil. Rub the stain, moving in the direction of the grain. Wipe with plain linseed or mineral oil. Repeat if necessary.
  3. If stain remains on wood, apply a solvent-based cleaning wax using a piece of superfine (#0000) steel wool as an applicator. Always rub gently in the direction of the grain of the wood. Refinish if necessary.

CAUTIONS: 

  • Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used. 
  • Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans/containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of children.

Siding/walls

Aluminum, Vinyl

Mix dishwashing detergent in hot water and swish to make a great volume of suds. Dip a cloth in only the foam and gently wipe. Rinse with a clean cloth moistened in clear water.

Brick, Concrete, Cement, Stone, Stucco

  1. Quickly apply an absorbent material such as cornmeal, sand, sawdust or Fuller's Earth. Leave on stai n for a few hours, then sweep or vacuum up.
  2. For fresh stains, make a strong solution of laundry detergent and hot water. Scrub stain using a stiff brush. Rinse well. Dry and repeat if necessary.
  3. Sprinkle dishwasher detergent (dry) on wet floor. Let it stand a few minutes. Rinse with hot water. Scrub and rinse.
  4. Dissolve 1 cup of Trisodium Phosphate (TSP) in 1 gallon hot water. Mop or pour over stain and allow to soak 15-20 minutes. Scrub vigorously with a stiff brush or broom. Rinse thoroughly. Repeat if necessary.
  5. If stain remains, make a paste of 1 cup strong powdered cleanser, 1 cup powdered chalk and enough water to make a thin paste. Cover the stain with the paste and leave overnight. Rinse with clear water. Repeat if necessary.
  6. Mix 1 part sodium citrate to 6 parts water and 6 parts glycerin. Add enough Whiting or Fuller's Earth to make a thick paste. Spread paste on stain and let stand for up to 1 week. Add new paste when it dries. Brush dry paste away and rinse thoroughly with water. Repeat if necessary.
  7. Scrub with an oil-based solvent to remove stain.
  8. Check at paint or hardware stores for commercial products used in removal of oily stains.
  9. The Portland Cement Association provides these tips for removing oil stains from concrete surfaces: a. Absorb all free standing oil with paper towels or absorbent cloths. Do not wipe - that will spread the stain and drive it into the concrete. Cover the stained area with dry cement for at least a day, repeating the process until no more oil is absorbed. b. If stain remains, mix a paste of 1 part TSP to 6 parts water. Apply to the affected area. Allow a full day for drying and then scrub the surface with clear water. c. If stain has penetrated the surface, saturate the area with mineral spirits or paint thinner, covering the liquid with dry cement, talcum powder, cornstarch or kitty litter. The next day, sweep away the covering material and repeat if necessary.

CAUTIONS:

  • Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used. 
  • Be sure to store and dispose of products/cans!containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of chi Idren.
  • Provide good ventilation. Solvents are flammable so avoid sparks or flames. Do not use Benzine - will ignite from a spark from friction or rubbing.

Wood

  1. Mix dishwashing detergent in hot water and swish to make a great volume of suds. Dip a cloth in only the foam and gently wipe. Rinse with a clean cloth moistened in clear water.
  2. If stain remains, apply a solvent-based cleaning wax using a piece of superfine (#0000) steel wool as an applicator. Rub gently 'In the direction of the grain of the wood. Refinish if necessary.

CAUTIONS: 

  • Be careful any time a commercial product or combination of cleaning supplies are used.
  • Be sure to store and dispose of products!cans/containers as recommended. Keep out of reach of chi Idren.