Big Events

  • The Civil War, 1861-1865
  • The rise of the sewing machine allowed more decorative effects to be used in dress
  • New aniline dyes allowed for brighter shades of dress

Big Ideas

  • The Crinoline Period: cage crinoline made of whalebone or steel hoops replaced heavy layers of petticoats

Big Trends

  • The bustle (1870s)
  • For women, a narrow waist with a fitted bodice and full skirts
  • Popular sleeve styles invluded pagoda sleeves, gathered bishop sleeves,and the coat sleeve
  • High necklines during the day, with lower necklines for the evening
  • Wraps and shawls
  • Accessories included parasols, gloves, elaborate bonnets, and snoods