Margaret O'Brien Caughy
College of Family and Consumer Sciences
Georgia Athletic Association Professor in Family Health Disparities
Dr. Caughy’s research combines the unique perspectives of developmental science, epidemiology, and public health in studying the contexts of risk and resilience affecting young children.
|Degree||Field of Study||Institution||Graduation|
|Sc.D.||Maternal and Child Health||Johns Hopkins School of Public Health||1992|
|M.Ed.||Human Development||University of Maryland, College Park||1989|
I am Principal Investigator of the Dallas Project on Education Pathways (DPREP) funded by NICHD which explores the contextual, cultural, and family factors contributing to the development of self-regulation and academic achievement of African American and Latinx preschoolers experiencing poverty. We have been following this sample of over 400 children since they were 2.5 years old and recently completed the 8th wave of data collection, when the target children were in 7th grade. I am particularly interested in how familial processes such as supportive parenting and ethnic-racial socialization support healthy development among children experiencing contextual stressors such as economic instability, racism and discrimination, and sociopolitical stress. Video recorded interactions between the study children and their mothers as well as their fathers have allowed us to identify culturally-specific ways that African American and Latinx parents support healthy development in their children.
For more information, visit my lab website: https://www.sdcdlab.com/
Prior Professional Positions
|Organization||Title||Years of Service|
|University of Texas School of Public Health/Dallas Regional Campus||Interim Regional Dean||1.5|
|University of Texas School of Public Health/Dallas Regional Campus||Assistant Professor/Associate Professor/Professor||17|
|Johns Hopkins School of Public Health/Department of Maternal and Child Health||Assistant Scientist||6|
|Award Name||Awarded By||Year Awarded|
|President Scholars’ Award for Teaching Excellence||University of Texas Health Science Center Houston||2015|
|University of Texas Academy of Health Science Education||University of Texas System||2015|
|University of Texas Regent’s Outstanding Teaching Award||University of Texas System||2015|
|Frontiers of Research on Children, Youth, and Families Initiative award||National Academy of Sciences||1998|
HDFS 8910 Graduate Study in Human Development and Family Science (Professional Seminar)
HDFS 4910/6910 Early and Middle Childhood
NICHD 1R01HD100557-01A1, “The role of fathering in the language development among young, low-income African American and Latino children”, PI, 30%, Budget (total costs): $3,196,051 (2020-2025)
NICHD 2R01HD075311-04A1, “Self-regulation and the transition to middle school”, PI, 30%, Budget (total costs): $4,544,840 (2013-2024).
Osborne, K., Smith-Bynum, M., Walsdorf, A., Anderson, L., & Caughy, M. O. (2022). Preparing Black and Latinx children for police encounters: Observing ethnic-racial socialization in action and the fit between caregiver response profiles and child self-regulation. Journal of Research on Adolescence (in press).
Osborne, K. R., Smith-Bynum, M., Redig, S.*, Brinkley, D., Owen, M.T., & Caughy, M. O. (2022). Responding to racism at school: Ethnic-racial socialization and the academic engagement of Black and Latinx youth. Child Development, 94(1), 219-236. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13853
Caughy, M., Brinkley, D., Pacheco, D., Rojas, R., Miao, A., Contreras, M., Owen, M. T., Easterbooks, M. A., & McClelland, M. (2022). Self-regulation development among young Spanish dual language learners. Early Childhood Research Quarterly (in press).
Brinkley, D. Y., Caughy, M. O., & Owen, M. T. (2022). Mothers’ school readiness beliefs and literacy involvement and children’s academic outcomes in ethnic minority families. Early Education and Development. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/10409289.2022.2089505
Pace, A., Rojas, R., Bakeman, R., Adamson, L.B., Tamis-LeMonda, C.S., Caughy, M.O., Owen, M.T., & Suma, K.* (2022). A longitudinal study of language use during early mother-child interactions in Spanish-speaking families experiencing low income. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 65, 303-319. https://doi.org/10.1044/2021_JSLHR-21-00329
Contreras, M., Caughy, M. O., & Owen, M. T. (2022). Emergence of ethnic-racial socialization for African American and Latinx families: Evidence for factorial validity and measurement invariance across early childhood. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000496
Walsdorf, A. A., Roche, K. M., Caughy, M. O., & McGeorge, C. R. (2021). Latinx parents’ perceptions of how the changing immigration climate has affected their adolescent children. Journal of Latinx Psychology, 10(1), 54-70. https://doi.org/10.1037/lat0000199
Contreras, M., Osborne, K., Walsdorf, A., Anderson, L. A., Caughy, M.O., Owen, M.T., &. (2021). Holding both truths: Early dynamics of ethnic-racial socialization and children's behavior adjustment in African American and Latinx families. Journal of Social Issues (Special Issue on Ethnic-Racial Socialization Among Children and Adolescents), 77 (4), 987-1013. https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12496
Anderson, L., Caughy, M.O., & Owen, M. T. (2021). “The Talk” and parenting while Black in America: Centering race, resistance, and refuge. Journal of Black Psychology, Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/00957984211034294
Oshri, A., Liu, S., Caughy, M. O., Suveg, C., & Goodgame-Huffman. (2021). Biological sensitivity to context as a dyadic construct: An investigation of child-parent RSA synchrony among low-SES youth. Development and Psychopathology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1017/S095457942100078X
Caughy, M. O. (2021). Toward a strengths-based model of Latinx child development: Invited commentary on Davis, Carlo and Maiya. Human Development, 65, 217-220. https://doi.org/10.1159/000518430
Osborne, K. R.*, Duprey, E., Caughy, M. O., & Oshri, A. (2021). Parents’ maltreatment history, dimensions of emotion regulation, and connections to offspring self-regulation: A sex-specific transmission pathway. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.101/s10862-021-09881-4
Yu, D., Caughy, M. O., Smith, E. P., Oshri, A., & Owen, M. T. (2020). Severe poverty and growth in behavioral self-regulation: The mediating role of parenting. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 68, 101135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2020.101135
Osborne, K.R.*, Caughy, M.O., Smith, E.P., & Oshri, A. (2020). Racism and preparation for bias within African American families. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000339
Walsdorf, A., Jordan, L. S., McGeorge, C. R., & Caughy, M. (2020). White supremacy and the web of family science: Implications of the missing spider. Journal of Family Theory and Review. 20(1), 64-79 https://doi.org/10.1111/jftr.12364
Caughy, M. O., Brinkley, D., Smith, E. P., & Owen, M. T. (2020). Fathering quality in early childhood and kindergarten achievement in low-income racial-ethnic minority children. Journal of Family Psychology, 34(2), 215–225. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000611
West, K., Oshri, A., Mitaro, E., Caughy, M. O., & Suveg, C. (2019). Maternal depression and preadolescent symptoms: An examination of dyad-level moderators in an economically-impoverished sample. Journal of Family Psychology, 34(3), 333–341.. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000610
Tamis-LeMonda, C. S., Caughy, M. O., Rojas, R., Bakeman, R., Pacheco, D., Owen, M. T., Adamson, L. B., Suma, K., & Pace, A. (2019). Culture, parenting and language: Respeto in Latine mother-child interactions. Social Development, 29, 689-712. . https://doi.org/10.1111/sode.12430
Thomas, A., Caughy, M.O., Anderson, L. A., & Owen, M.T. (2019). Longitudinal associations between relationship quality and maternal depression among low-income African American and Hispanic mothers. Journal of Family Psychology, 33(6), 722-729. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000548
Suveg, C., West, K. B., Davis, M., Caughy, M.O., Oshri, A., & Smith, E.P. (2019). Symptoms and synchrony: Mother and child internalizing problems moderate respiratory sinus arrhythmia concordance in mother-preadolescent dyads. Developmental Psychology, 55(2), 366–376. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev000064
Mills, B., Dyer, N., Pacheco, D., Brinkley, D., Owen, M. T., & Caughy, M. O. (2019). Developmental transactions between self-regulation and academic achievement among low income African American and Latino children. Child Development, 90, 1614-1631. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.1309
Van Horne, B., Caughy, M. O., Greeley, C. S., Mitchell, L. E., Morgan R. O., Canfield, M., & Case, A. P. (2018). First-time maltreatment in children ages 2 to 10 with and without specific birth defects: A population-based study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 84, 53-63. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.07.003
Caughy, M. O., Mills, B. A., Brinkley, D., & Owen, M. T. (2018). Behavioral self-regulation, early academic achievement, and the effectiveness of urban schools among low-income ethnic minority children. American Journal of Community Psychology, 61 (3-4), 372-385. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.1224
Pacheco, D., Owen, M. T., & Caughy, M. O. (2018). Growth in inhibitory control among low-income ethnic minority preschoolers: A group-based trajectory modeling approach. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 42, 247-255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2017.10.010
Loria, H. & Caughy, M.O. (2017). Prevalence of adverse childhood experiences in low-income Latino immigrant and non-immigrant children. Journal of Pediatrics, 192, 209-215. https://doi.org10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.09.056
Caughy, M.O., Mills, B., Owen, M.T., Dyer, N., & Oshri, A. (2017). Ethnic differences in mothering qualities and relations to academic achievement. Journal of Family Psychology, 31 (7), 855-866. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fam0000334 [PMCID PMC28627911]
Caughy, M.O., Peredo, T., Owen, M.T., & Mills, B. (2016). Gender differences in the relation between mothering behaviors and child behavior problems among Hispanic preschoolers. Developmental Psychology, 52, (4), 596-598. [PMCID PMC28627911]
Peredo, T., Owen, M.T., Rojas, R., & Caughy, M.O. (2015). Child vocabulary, maternal behavior, and inhibitory control development among Spanish-speaking children. Early Education and Development, 26 (5-6), 749-769. [PMCID PMC4543291]
Caughy, M. O., & Owen, M. T. (2015). Cultural socialization and school readiness of African American and Latino preschoolers. Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology, 21, 391-399. doi: 10.1037/a0037928. [PMCID PMC4476942]
Dyer, N., Owen, M. T., & Caughy, M. O. (2014). Ethnic differences in profiles of mother-child interactions and relations to emerging school readiness in African American and Latin American children. Parenting: Science and Practice, 14, 175-194. doi: 10.1080/15295192.2014.972756. [PMCID PMC4477830]
Caughy, M.O. (2014). Observing social interactions in neighborhoods: Advancing methods of systematic social observation. Invited commentary. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 8 (2), 70-73.
Caughy, M.O., Mills, B., Owen, M.T., & Hurst, J.R. (2013). Emergent self-regulation skills among very young ethnic minority children: A confirmatory factor model. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 116 (4), 839-855. [PMCID PMC3839096]
Caughy, M.O., Leonard, T., Beron, K., & Murdoch, J. (2013). Defining neighborhood boundaries in studies of spatial dependence in child behavior problems. International Journal of Health Geographics, 12: 24.
Owen, M.T., Caughy, M.O., Hurst, J.R., Amos, M., Hasanizadeh, N. (2013). Contributions of fathering and mothering to emerging self regulation in low-income ethnic minority preschoolers. Early Child Development and Care, 183 (3-4), 464-482. [PMCID PMC3739427]
Caughy, M.O., Franzini, L., Windle, M., Dittus, P., Cuccaro, P., Elliott, M.N., & Schuster, M.A. (2012). Social competence in late elementary school: Relations to parenting and neighborhood context. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 1613-1627.
Leonard, T.C.M., Caughy, M.O., Mays, J.K., & Murdoch, J.C. (2011). Systematic neighborhood observations at high spatial resolution: Methodology and assessment of potential benefits. PLoS ONE 6 (6), e20225.
Caughy, M.O., Nettles, S.M., & Lima, J. (2011). Profiles of racial socialization among African American parents: Correlates, context, and outcome. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 20, 491-502.
Lima, J., Caughy, M.O., Nettles, S.M., & O’Campo, P.J. (2010). Effects of cumulative risk on behavioral adjustment in first grade: Moderation by neighborhood context. Social Science & Medicine, 71, 1447-1454. [PMCID 20732735]
O’Campo, P., Caughy, M.O., Lohrfink, K., & Nettles, S. (2010). Partner abuse or violence, parenting and neighborhood influences on children’s behavior problems. Social Science & Medicine, 70, 1404-1415. [PMCID 20163906]
Schaefer-McDaniel, N., Caughy, M.O., O’Campo, P., & Gearey, W. (2010). Examining methodological details of neighborhood observations and the relationship to health: A literature review. Social Science & Medicine, 20, 277-292. [PMCID 19883966]
Caughy, M.O., Huang, K.Y., Lima, J. (2009). Patterns of conflict interaction in mother-toddler dyads: Differences between depressed and non-depressed mothers. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18(1), 10-20. (PMCID:PMC3582363)
Emory, R., Caughy, M.O., Harris, T.R., & Franzini, L. (2008). Neighborhood social processes and academic achievement in elementary school. Journal of Community Psychology, 36 (7), 885-898.
Franzini, L., Caughy, M.O., O’Campo, P.J., & Nettles, S.M. (2008). Perceptions of disorder: Contributions of neighborhood population characteristics to subjective perceptions of physical disorder. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28 (1), 83-93.
Caughy, M.O., O’Campo, P.J, & Nettles, S.M. (2008). The effect of residential neighborhood on child behavior problems in first grade. American Journal of Community Psychology, 42 (1-2), 39-50. [PMCID 18607720]
Nettles, S.M., Caughy, M.O., & O’Campo, P.J. (2008). School adjustment in the early elementary years: Toward an integrated model of neighborhood, parental, and child processes. Review of Educational Research, 78, 3-32.
Owen, M.T., Klausli, J., Mata-Otero, A.M., & Caughy, M.O. (2008). Relationship-focused child care practices: Quality of care and child outcomes for children in poverty. Early Education and Development, 19 (2), 302-329.